Thursday, June 02, 2011

Antioxidant مضادات الاكسده

  كان لدى دائما احساس ان كثير من الناس لاتعرف ما هى مضادات الاكسده و ما هى فائدتها ولهذا فكرت ان اكتب هذا المقال المبسط عنها ارجو ان يكون مفيد

اولا ما هى الاكسده 
    الاكسده هى احدى هذه الاشياء
  اولا: اكتساب الاكسجين
 ثانيا : فقد الهيدروجين 
ثالثا :فقد الكترون من الذره 

من المعلوم ان عمليه الاكسده ينتج عنها نواتج للتفاعل تدخل فى سلسله من التفاعلات التى يكون من نواتجها مواد تؤثر على صحه الخلايا ونشاطها وقد تؤدى الى موت الخلايا ولهذا فان مضادات الاكسده هى جزيئات قادره على تثبيط الاكسده اى منع حدوثها فتقطع سلسله التفاعلات المؤديه الى مرض الخليه و الذى قد يسبب الاوراض بالفعل للجسم 

من مضادات الاكسده 
الذى يوجد بكثره فى الفاكهه و الخضروات الطازجه 
الذى يوجد فى الزيوت النباتيه 
الموجود فى الجزر 
حامض البوليك 
الموجود فى البقوليات مثل الفول   

I had the the feeling that some people do not know, what is Antioxidants ? and that it is so important in our life.
So I selected that article .I hope it will be nice ,and useful .

First of all what is Oxidation ? 
Oxidation is one of these things
  1.  Gaining of Oxygen .
  2. Losing of Hydrogen .
  3. Losing of Electrons .
An antioxidant is a molecule capable of inhibiting the oxidation of other molecules.
Oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. In turn, these radicals can start chain reactions. When the chain reaction occurs in a cell, it can cause damage or death of the cell because of the end result of the reaction.
 Antioxidants terminate these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions. They do this by being oxidized themselves, so antioxidants are often reducing agents such as thiols, ascorbic acid ( the precursor of vitamin C) or polyphenols.
Although oxidation reactions are crucial , and important for life, they can also be damaging ;  hence, plants and animals maintain complex systems of multiple types of antioxidants, such as vitamin C, and vitamin E as well as enzymes . Low levels of antioxidants  cause oxidative stress and may damage or kill cells .
As oxidative stress appears to be an important part of many human diseases .
Antioxidants are widely used as ingredients in dietary supplements and have been investigated for the prevention of diseases such as cancer, coronary heart disease and even altitude sickness.
Although initial studies suggested that antioxidant supplements might promote health, later large clinical trials did not detect any benefit and suggested instead that excess supplementation is harmful.

Types Antioxidants 
Antioxidants are classified into two broad divisions, depending on whether they are soluble in water (hydrophilic) or in lipids (hydrophobic).

  • Vitamin C or Ascorbic acid
It is a monosaccharide oxidation-reduction catalyst found in both animals and plants . Ascorbic acid is required for the conversion of the procollagen to collagen , so it is important for the skin .humans must obtain it from the diet ,it is produced in the human body and is acquired in the diet .
Found in,   Fresh Fruits and vegetables .

  • Vitamin E. 
Like Vit C   it is produced in the human body and is acquired in the diet .
Found in ,Vegetable oils

  • Uric acid. 
  • Melatonin .
  • Carotenoids ,carotenes .
Found in , Fruit, vegetables and eggs

  • Melatonin .
is a powerful antioxidant  .

No comments:

The Quote Of The Day.

You lie the loudest when you lie to yourself.

One thing you can give and still your word.

Subscribe to get all our new posts free via email

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner